Self Perception is the facet of emotional intelligence that addresses the inner self. The subscales include Self-Regard, Self-Actualisation, and Emotional Self-Awareness, which together are designed to assess feelings of inner strength and confidence, persistence in the pursuit of personally relevant and meaningful goals, and an understanding of what, when, why, and how different emotions impact thoughts and actions.
Self Regard is respecting oneself while understanding and accepting one’s strengths and weaknesses. Self-Regard is often associated with feelings of inner strength and self-confidence. Self-acceptance is the ability to accept one’s perceived positive and negative aspects as well as one’s limitations and possibilities. This component of emotional intelligence is associated with general feelings of security, inner strength, self-assuredness, self-confidence, and self-adequacy. Feeling sure of oneself is dependent upon self-respect and self-esteem, which are based on a well-developed sense of identity. A person with a well-developed self-regard feels fulfilled and satisfied with him or herself. At the opposite end of the continuum are feelings of personal inadequacy and inferiority.
Self-Actualisation is the willingness to persistently try to improve oneself and engage in the pursuit of personally relevant and meaningful objectives that lead to a rich and enjoyable life. Striving to actualise one’s potential involves engaging in enjoyable and significant activities and making a lifelong and enthusiastic commitment to long-term goals. Self-Actualisation is an on-going, dynamic process of striving toward maximum development of one’s abilities, capacities, and talents. This component of emotional intelligence is associated with persistently trying to do one’s best and improve oneself in general. Self-Actualisation is associated with feelings of self-satisfaction.
Emotional Self-Awareness includes recognising and understanding one’s own emotions. It involves the ability to differentiate between subtleties in these emotions, while being aware of their causes and the impact they have on the thoughts and actions of oneself and others. At the core of emotional self-awareness is the ability to know what one is feeling and why, while being able to recognise and understand the source of those feelings.